# The smart Trick of X11 Cryptocurrency That Nobody is Talking About

Instead, they went with Solution 2. The resulting currency, known as bitcoin cash, increased the blocksize to 8 Mb in order to accelerate the verification process to permit a performance of around 2 million transactions every day. In the time of writing, Bitcoin Cash is valued at \$545.00 to Bitcoins \$6,328.11.

When you hear about bitcoin mining, you envisage coins being dug out of the ground. However, bitcoin isnt physical, so why do we call it mining

Because its similar to gold mining in that the bitcoins exist in the protocols design (like the gold is underground), but they havent been brought out into the mild yet (like the golden hasnt been dug up). The bitcoin protocol stipulates that 21 million bitcoins will exist at some point.

They get to do this as a reward for creating blocks of validated transactions and including them in the blockchain.

Backtracking a bit, lets talk about nodes. A node is a powerful computer which runs the bitcoin applications and helps keep bitcoin running by participating in the relay of information. Anyone can run a node, you just download the bitcoin software (free) and leave a certain port open (the drawback is that it consumes energy and storage space the network at time of writing takes up about 145GB).

One node will send information to a few nodes that it knows, that will relay the information to nodes they know, etc.. This way it ends up getting around the entire network pretty fast. .

Some nodes are mining nodes (usually referred to as miners). These group outstanding transactions into cubes and add them to the blockchain. How do they do this By solving a intricate mathematical mystery that's a portion of the bitcoin program, and including the answer in the block. The puzzle that needs solving is to find a number which, when combined with the data in the block and passed through a hash function, produces a result that's within a certain range.

(For trivia lovers, this number is known as a nonce, which can be a concatenation of number employed once. In the case of bitcoin, the nonce is an integer between 0 and 4,294,967,296.)

How do they find this number By guessing at random. The hash function which makes it impossible to predict exactly what the outcome will be. So, miners suppose the puzzle number and apply the hash function to the combination of that guessed number and also the information in the block. The resulting hash has to start with a pre-established number of zeroes.

Whats more, there may be several nonces that make the desired result, or there might be none (in the event the miners keep trying, but with a different block configuration). .

The first miner to get a resulting hash within the desired range announces its victory to the rest of the network. The rest of the miners immediately cease work on that block and begin trying to figure out the puzzle number for your next one. As a reward for its work, the victorious miner has some new bitcoin. .

At the time of writing, the payoff is 12.5 bitcoins, which at time of writing is worth almost \$200,000.

Though its not nearly as cushy a bargain as it sounds. There are a whole lot of mining nodes competing for this reward, and it is a question of luck and computing power (the Get the facts more guessing calculations you can perform, the luckier you're ).

Additionally, why not try here the costs of being a mining node are considerable, not only due to the powerful hardware needed (if you've got a faster processor than your competitors, you've got a better chance of finding the right number before they perform ), but also due to the large amounts of electricity that running these chips consumes. .

And, the number of all bitcoins awarded as a reward for solving the mystery will decrease. Its 12.5 now, however, it halves every four decades or so (the next one is anticipated in 2020-21). The value of bitcoin relative to price of power and hardware could go up over the next few decades to partially compensate this reduction, but its not certain. .

The difficulty of the calculation (the required number of zeroes at the beginning of the hash string) is adjusted frequently, so that it requires on average about 10 minutes to process a block.

Why 10 minutes That is the amount of time that the bitcoin programmers think is necessary to get a steady and diminishing flow of new coins until the highest number of 21 million has been reached (anticipated some time in 2140).